BASÎRAH – بصيرة
Literally: Caution. Circumspection. Watchfulness. Care. Attention. Anything that serves to warn; a signal; warning; admonition. The evidences.
The causes of hidâyah which cause admonition and careful attention of îmân. Farâsah. Understanding the haqiqah by the heart through feeling it. The sacred quwwa (power), which knows the haqiqahs of things in the heart.
The black point of the heart, which is called Sawâd al-qalb, Sawda al-qalb, Aswad al-qalb, Suwaydâ al-qalb, is known as the place of basîrah. Some former muhaqqiqîn named this place as the place of religious ‘ilms. Mostly accepted as the place of basîrah and understanding. Some ‘Ulamâ have said that “it consists inner of the heart, which is mind (aql)”. This point of the heart is known as misery, rebellion and sin for kâfirs and deniers, and basîrah and understanding for mu’mins.
“The Nûr of the Mind Comes From the Heart
The illuminated people who are in darkness should know that the nûr of thoughts cannot be enlightened without the light of the heart.
So long as that nûr and this light are not blended, there is darkness, producing dhulm and ignorance. The darkness of sham garbed in nûr.
If the white of the eye, which resembles daytime, white but darkened, is not combined with the black pupil, which resembles lightened night, it is not an eye, it will see nothing. Sight without basîrah is also worth nothing.
So, if the black point of the heart1 is not present in the white of thought, the miscellaneous information in the mind will produce no ‘ilm or basîrah. There can be no mind without the heart.” The Words ( 739 )
“KNOW, O FRIEND, that “bejewelled and fashioned artistically made” creatures are seen with the power of sight, and that the basîrah’s inability to see As-Sâni’ is due to its absence of basîrah, inability to conceive the matter’s greatness, or khidhlan2 . Denying As-Sâni’ would otherwise be much more ridiculous than denying the power of sight like the sophists.” Al-Mathnawi Al-Nuri (210)
“nûr cannot be held in the hand nor hunted with the fingers; it can be hunted only with the nûr of basîrah. If you stretch out a grasping, physical hand and weigh it on material scales, even if it is not extinguished, it will hide itself. For just as such nûr will not be content to be imprisoned in matter, so too it may not be restricted, nor accept dense things as its lord and master.” The Flashes ( 176 )
1 (Suwaydâ al-qalb)
2 [Literally: An abandoning. Forsaking. Deserting. Abandonment. Desertion. A state of helpless abandonment, in which one finds himself deserted in his hour of need. Falling into abasement through the absence of necessary guidance.
It denotes the help and aid of Allah being cut from the ‘abd. It is also defined as Allah creating sin as a result of the inclinations of the ‘abd. This word is used in different forms in the Qur’an for the people of shirk, the companions of the shaytans among the jinn and men who are deprived of the help of Allah. (Qur’an 17:22, Qur’an 25:29)]