Dictionary / Arabic - Turkish Terminology

DHÂLİM - ظالم


Literally: Unjust. Tyrannical. The one who does dhulm.

The one who is deviated from as-sirât al-mustaqîm.


“In what way is the âyah,  1 وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِى آدَمَ  conformable with the âyah,2 اِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولاً ?

The Answer: There are explanations in the Eleventh and Twenty-Third Words, and is the Second Fruit of the Fifth Branch of the Twenty-Fourth Word. A summary of its mystery is this:

With His perfect Qoudrah, Janâb-i Haqq makes many things from a single thing, makes one thing perform numerous duties, and writes a thousand books on a single page; so too He created man as a comprehensive species, in place of many species. That is, He willed that through man, a single species, functions would be performed to the number of the different levels of all the species of animals. For this reason, He placed no fıtrî limit on man's powers (quwwa) and senses, no fıtrî restriction and left them free. The powers and senses of the other animals are limited and under a fıtrî restriction. Whereas each of man's powers may roam free over an endless distance towards infinity. For since man is a mirror to the infinite manifestations of Al-Khâliq of the Universe's Names, his powers have been given an infinite capacity.

For example, even if the whole world is given to man, with his greed, he will say: 3 هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ And through his selfishness, he finds it acceptable that a thousand people should suffer harm for his own benefit. And so on. There is boundless development in bad morality and he may reach the degree of the Nimrods and Pharaohs; in accordance with the intensive form in the âyah above, he is the most dhâlim. Similarly, he may manifest endless progress in good morality, and may advance to the degree of the prophets and siddîqîn.

Moreover, contrary to the animals, man is ignorant about all the things necessary for life and is compelled to learn everything. He is in need of innumerable things, and therefore in accordance with the intensive form in the same âyah, is most ignorant. But when animals come into the world, they are both in need of few things, and may learn all the things they need, all the conditions of their lives, in one or two months, or even one or two days, or in some cases, in one or two hours. It is as if they have been perfected in another ‘âlam, and come thus. But then man can only rise to his feet in one or two years, and in fifteen is only able to distinguish between what is beneficial and what is harmful. The intensive form of "most ignorant" indicates this, too.” The Letters ( 390-391)


“Through the decree of وَلاَ تَرْكَنُوا اِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ 4 the noble âyah threatens  terrifyingly and severely, not only those who support and are the tools of dhulm, but also those who have the slightest inclination towards it. Because like consenting kufr is kufr, also, consenting dhulm is dhulm.

One of the people of attainment perfectly interpreted one of the many jewels of the above âyah as follows:

One who assists a dhâlim in the world is the men of despicableness

That is a dog, who receives pleasure from serving the unjust hunter.” The Twenty-Eighth Letter/The Fourth Matter/Second Point


Third Question: What is the reason for this calamity, which arises from the wrongdoing of a few individuals, occurring to a degree generally throughout the country?

The Answer: The general calamity results from the wrongdoing of the majority: most people in a ma’nawî manner participate in the actions of those dhâlim individuals by supporting them actively or by iltizâm or by joining in them.” The Words ( 186 )



1 (We have honoured the sons of Âdam)

2 (He was indeed most dhâlim and most ignorant)

3 (Are there any more?)

4 (And incline not towards those dhâlims, or the Jahannam will seize you)

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