Dictionary / Arabic - Turkish Terminology

FARDH – فرض

 

Literally: An enjoining. Prescribed as a duty.

As a term of fiqh: An Ilahî ordinance which is wâjib to practising and sin is not practising. Rigid commands of Allah which are certain by Qur’an and Hadiths. For example: Not committing shirk, having verified îmân, salâh and not lying etc. (Qur’an 2: 197) (Qur’an 24:1) (Qur’an 28:85) (Qur’an 33:50) (Qur’an 2:236, 237) (Qur’an 33:38) (Qur’an 4:7,118) (Qur’an 66:2) (Qur’an 4:11, 24) (Qur’an 9:60).

 

First Matter: The sources of Ar-Rasûl Al-Akram ‘Alayhissalâtu Wassalâm's Sunnah as-Saniyyah are three: his words, his acts, and his conduct. And there are three categories of each of these three: fardh, nawâfil and laudable practices.

It is imperative to follow those that are fardh and wâjib, and there are penalties and punishment for giving them up. Everyone is charged with following them. As for the nawâfil sort, as laudable (mustahab) by command, ahl al-îmân are again charged with following them, but there is no penalty or punishment for giving them up. However, there is great merit in acting in accordance with them and following them. And to change them is bid’ah, dhalâlah, and a great error. To follow and imitate the Prophet's customary actions and laudable deeds is extremely laudable and in accordance with hikmah, and is beneficial for both personal life and social life and for humankind. For in all his habitual actions are numerous things beneficial for life, and furthermore, through following them, such âdâb and habitual actions become like ‘ibâdah.

Yes, since as both friend and foe agree, the person of Ahmad (asm) manifested the highest degrees of moral virtues; and since as all are agreed, he is the most famous and excellent individual in the human race; and since as indicated by his thousands of miracles, and testified to by al-‘âlam of Islam that he founded and its perfections, and affirmed by the haqiqahs of Al-Qur’an Al-Hakîm of which he was the herald and interpreter, he was the most excellent Perfect Man and most excellent murshid; and since as the fruit of following him, millions of the people of perfection have advanced through the degrees of attainment and reached the happiness of both worlds; for sure his Sunnah and actions are the finest examples to be followed, and the safest guides, and the soundest laws to be taken as principles. Happy is the one whose share of following the Sunnah is great. While those who are lazy and do not follow the Sunnah suffer vast loss, and those who consider them to be unimportant commit a great crime, while if they criticize them, which infers denying them, it is great dhalâlah.” The Eleventh Flash- 11th Subtle Point

 

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