Dictionary / Arabic - Turkish Terminology

HARAM – حرام

 

Anything or any act prohibited and proscribed by Allah (jalla jalâluhu). The opposite of haram is halal.

 

“The rule of اِنَّ الضَّرُورَاتِ تُبِيحُ الْمَحْظُورَاتِ that is “Dharûrah makes halal, what is haram”. Thus, this rule is not universal. So long as dharûrah does not occur by way of haram, it is the cause to make haram halal. Otherwise, if something has become dharûrah due to misuse of  the will and for illicit reasons, it cannot make halal what is haram, this dharûrah may not be the basis of ordinances by rukhsah and may not constitute an excuse. For example, if through misuse of the will, someone makes himself drunk in a haram way, according to ‘ulamâ of the Sharî’ah, his actions act against him and he may not be accepted as excused. If he divorces his wife, the divorce is in force. And if he commits a crime, he receives the penalty. But if it is not through misuse of  the will, the divorce is not in force, neither does he receive any penalty. And, for example, even one who is addicted to alcohol to the degree of dharûrah may not say: "It is a dharûrah and halal for me."

Thus, at this time there are many matters which have reached the degree of dharûrah and have taken the form of a general calamity which make people addicted to them. Since they have emerged from misuse of the will, illicit inclinations and haram acts, they may not make halal what is haram through being the basis of ordinances by rukhsah. Whereas, since ahl al-ijtihâd of the present time make those dharûrahs the basis for the ordinances of Sharî’ah, their ijtihâd are earthly, they arise from the desires, philosophic, they cannot be sâmâwî and are not from the Sharî’ah. Whereas, if ma’nawî permission of Al-Khâliq is not existent, the disposal concerning the Ilahî ordinances of Al-Khâliq of the samâwât and the Earth and interference in the ‘ibâdah of His ‘abds  are rejected.” The Twenty-Seventh Word/The Third/The Fifth

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