TAKWÎN – TAKWÎNÎ
Literally: A making or allowing into existence. A creating. An originating. A production. A creation.
Takwîn is one of the affirmative attributes of Allah in ‘Ilm al-Kalâm. His making existent everything from non-existence.
Takwînî: Pertains to Allah’s creation. Related to the act of calling into existence; creative.
“The third point is this: two of the Zuljalâl One’s attributes of perfection, two manifestations pertain to the Sharî’ah: the determining through His choice, which proceeds from the attribute of Irâdah, and that is the Takwînî Sharî’ah;
And the well-known Sharî’ah, which proceeds from the attribute of Kalâm.
Just as there are compliance and rebellion in the face of the commands of the latter, so there is compliance and rebellion before the Takwînî commands.
The reward and punishment for the latter are received mostly in the âkhirah, while the penalties and rewards of the former are suffered mostly in the realm of this world.
For example, the reward of patience is victory. The penalty for laziness is poverty; and the reward of toil is wealth.
The reward of constancy is victory. The penalty of poison is illness, the reward of its antidote is health.
Sometimes the injunctions of both Sharî’ahs are included in a single thing; it has faces looking to both.
That means obedience to the Takwînî command is a haqq. Obedience prevails; rebellion in the face of the injunction is a bâtil stand.
If a haqq has been the means to a bâtil, when it prevails, it will have been the means to a bâtil. Indirectly, a haqq is defeated by a bâtil, but not essentially.” The Words ( 760 )
“There are two Ilahî Sharî’ahs: proceeding from two attributes, man is addressed by both, and bound to comply with both.
The Takwînî Sharî’ah, which proceeds from the attribute of Irâdah, orders the circumstances and motions of al-‘âlam, the large human being, which are not voluntary. It is Rabbâni will, and is also wrongly termed 'Nature.'
The Sharî’ah proceeding from the attribute of Kalâm is the code of laws which orders the actions of man, the small ‘âlam, which are voluntary.
The two Sharî’ahs sometimes come together in the same place.” The Words ( 763 )