بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ وَ الصَّلاَةُ وَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى آلِهِ وَ صَحْبِهِ اَجْمَعِينَ
QUESTION: If we are all equal and Allah loves us all equally, then why is it that Allah has created us so differently? For example, people born with disabilities and sickness, as well as people with more favourable external qualities than others? How is this equal when people will suffer either physically or emotionally?
The third part of the question:
Absolute equality is contrary to the mystery of human creation. In the eye of Allah, the degrees of man arise due to fadhîlah, taqwâ and îmân, not because of material measures like external qualities, wealth and nation.
“human fitrah and the mystery of its hikmah are contrary to the law of absolute equality. Because, in order to demonstrate His perfect qoudrah and hikmah, just as Al-Fâtir Who is Hakîm produces many crops from a few things, and writes many books on a single page, and causes many duties to be performed by a single thing; and in the same way, He causes the duties of thousands of species to be carried out by humankind.
It is due to this great mystery that Janâb-i Haqq has created humankind with a fitrah that would produce the shoots of thousands of species and display the levels of the thousands of other species of animals. No limit was placed on man's powers (quwwas), subtle faculties, and senses like the other animals. They have been left unrestricted and have been given such a capacity to journey through endless ranks while being one species, mankind became like thousands of species. And for this reason, man is considered as the khalîfah on earth, the result of the universe, and sultan of all living beings.
Thus, the most important leaven and mechanism for the varying of degrees in humankind is the true fadhîlah arising from îmân, which is achieved through competition.” The Flashes ( 226 )
Îmân makes man into man. Rather, it makes man into a sultân. In which case, man's fundamental duty is îmân and du'â. Kufr makes man into an extremely impotent beast animal.
Out of thousands of proofs of this matter, only the differences in the ways animals and man come into the world are clear proofs and necessarily conclusive arguments for this matter.
Yes, the differences in the ways man and animal come into the world show that humanity becomes humanity through îmân. Because, when animals come to the world, they come complete and perfect in all points according to their disposition as though they have been perfected in another ‘âlam; that is, they are sent. In either two hours or two days or two months, it learns all the conditions of its life, its relation with the universe and the laws of its life, and acquires mastery. An animal, like a sparrow and a bee, learns in twenty days the ability of life and the mastery of practice, which man acquires in twenty years; that is, the ilham is given to it. This means that the animal's fundamental duty is not to be perfected through learning, and it is not to progress by acquiring ma’rifat, and not to seek help and offer du'â through displaying its impotence. Rather, its duty is to work and act according to its disposition and it is ‘ubûdiyyah by action.
As for man, he is in need of learning everything when he comes into the world and is ignorant about the laws of life and cannot even completely learn the conditions of life in twenty years. Rather, he is in need of learning until the end of his life. Also, he is sent to the world in an extremely impotent and weak form, and can only rise to his feet in one or two years. In fifteen years, he barely distinguishes harm and benefit. With the assistance of mankind's life, he can barely procure benefits and avoid harm. This means that the duty of man's fitrah is to be perfected through learning, and it is ‘ubûdiyyah through du'â. That is, it is to know: "Through whose compassion am I administered in this way with hikmah? Through whose generosity am I so kindly given tarbiyyah? Through favours of such a One am I so gracefully nurtured and administered?" It is to beseech, want and offer du'â to the One Who satisfies the wants of all, through the language of impotence and poverty for his needs that his hand cannot reach even one of the thousand. That is, it is to fly to the highest rank of ‘ubûdiyyah by the wings of impotence and poverty.
This means man came to this ‘âlam to be perfected by means of ‘ilm and du'â. Everything is tied to ‘ilm regarding the essence and disposition. And the foundation, source, nûr and rûh of all true ‘ilm is Ma’rifatullah, and its fundamental foundation is îmân in Allah.
Also, since man is subjected to infinite troubles and attacks of boundless enemies with his infinite impotence, and afflicted with infinite needs and is in need of infinite desires with his infinite poverty, after îmân, the fundamental duty of his fitrah is du'â. As for du'â, it is the foundation of ‘ubûdiyyah. Just as a child cries or asks in order to obtain his wish or desire that his hand cannot reach. That is, he offers a verbal or active du'â through the language of his impotence. He succeeds in his aim. In the same way, man is like a delicate, graceful and indulged child in the whole ‘âlam of living creatures. It is necessary to either cry through his weakness and impotence or offer du'â through his poverty and need at the court of Ar-Rahmân Ar-Rahîm so that his aims may be subjected to him, or he may offer shukr for their being made so. Otherwise, like a silly and idle child who makes a fuss over a fly, deviating to kufr an-ni’mah by saying: "With my strength, I subjugate these strange things that are not possible to be subjugated and thousand times more powerful than me, and I make them obey me through my ideas and administration" is contrary to man's fundamental fitrah. And he also makes himself deserve severe punishment.
The Twenty-Third Word - Fourth Point
Yes, as for true progress, by turning the faces of the heart, sirr, rûh, mind and even the imagination and other powers (quwwa) given to man towards eternal life, it lies in occupying each of them with a particular duty of ‘ubûdiyyah worthy of it. Otherwise, if, in order to plunge into all minor points of the life of the world and taste every sort of its pleasures, even the basest, he makes subject to the nafs al-ammarah all his subtle faculties, heart and mind and makes them assist to it — what the people of dhalâlah suppose that it is progress — it is not progress but the decline.
The Twenty-Third Word/Second Discussion/2nd Subtle Point
“Know certainly that the highest aim of creation and the most elevated result of fitrah are îmân in Allah. The most exalted degree of humanity and the greatest rank of mankind are ma’rifatullah within îmân in Allah. The most brilliant happiness and the sweetest ni’mah of jinn and man are the love of Allah within the ma’rifatullah. And the most sincere joy for the rûh of man and the purest delight for the heart of man are the pleasure of the rûh within the love of Allah. Yes, all true happiness, sincere joy, sweet ni’mah and pure pleasure are most certainly in ma’rifatullah and the love of Allah. They cannot exist without them. The one who knows and loves Janâb-i Haqq is the place of manifestation of endless happiness, ni’mahs, nûr and mysteries potentially or actually. The one who does not truly know and love Him is ma’nawî and materially subjected to infinite misery, pain and wahm. If an impotent and poor man, in this forlorn world, among the desolate mankind, in a fruitless life without an owner or protector, even becomes the sultân of the whole world, it would be worthless. Thus, everyone understands how wretched and bewildered the man is if he does not know his protector and find his owner among the desolate mankind, in this forlorn transient world. If he finds his protector and knows his owner, then, he may seek refuge in His rahmah and rely on His qoudrah. The dreadful world turns into a place of recreation and pleasure, it becomes a place of trade.” The Twentieth Letter
The love of Allah
The great âyah, قُلْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِى يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّٰهُ1 certainly declares how important and necessary following the Sunnah is. Yes, among the syllogisms of logic, this noble âyah is the most powerful and certain of the sort called hypothetical syllogisms. It is as follows:
According to logic, as an example of a hypothetical syllogism, it is said: "If the sun comes out, it will be daytime." For the positive conclusion, it is said: "The sun has come out, therefore, it concludes that it is now daytime." For the negative conclusion, it is said: "It is not daytime, therefore, it concludes that the sun has not come out." According to logic, these two conclusions, negative and positive, are definite. In just the same way, this noble âyah says: "If you have love for Allah, Habibullah2 will be followed. If he is not followed, it concludes that you do not have love for Allah." If there is love for Allah, it results in following the Sunnah of Habibullah.
Yes, one who has îmân in Janâb-i Haqq will certainly obey Him. And the most acceptable, the most mustaqîm and the shortest among the ways of obeying Him is, without doubt, the way Habibullah showed and followed .
Yes, it is necessary and self-evident that Al-Karîm Zuljamâl One, Who fills the universe with acts of giving ni’mah to this extent, wanting shukr from conscious beings in return for those ni’mahs. Also, Al-Hakîm Zuljalâl One, Who adorns the universe with such miracles of art, will certainly and self-evidently make the most distinguished one amongst the conscious beings His addressee and interpreter, and herald and imam to His ‘abds. Also, Al-Jamîl Zulkamâl One, Who makes the universe a place of manifestation for the infinite and boundless manifestations of His beauty (Jamâl) and perfection (Kamâl), will give the most perfect state of ‘ubûdiyyah to the one who is the most comprehensive and perfect measure and arena of His beauty (Jamâl), perfection (Kamâl), Names and art, which He certainly and self-evidently loves and wants to display, and He will make his state an example to be conformed for others, and He will encourage everyone to follow him so that his fine state may be seen in others too.
In Short: The love for Allah necessitates and results in following the Sunnah as-Saniyyah. How happy the person whose share of following the Sunnah as-Saniyyah is great! Alas for the person who does not appreciate the Sunnah as-Saniyyah and enters bid’ahs!...
...In the âyah, 3 قُلْ اِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِى يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّٰهُ , there is a miraculous conciseness. Because many phrases have been included in these three phrases. It is as follows:
The âyah says: "If you have îmân in Allah (Jalla Jalâluhu), you will surely love Allah. Since you love Allah, you will act in the manner He loves. And as for the manner He loves, you must resemble the one Allah loves. As for resembling him, it is to follow him. When you follow him, Allah, too, will love you. As a matter of fact, you love Allah so that Allah may love you."
Thus, all these phrases are only a brief and concise meaning of this âyah. It means that the most important and elevated aim of man is to attain the love of Janâb-i Haqq. Through the nass of âyah, He shows that the way of this elevated aim is to follow Habibullah and be guided by his Sunnah as-Saniyyah At this station, if “Three Points” are proved, the aforementioned haqiqah will manifest completely.
First Point: By fitrah, man was created upon an infinite love for the universe's Khâliq. For in man’s fitrah, there is the love for beauty, and worshipping perfection, and the love for bestowal. That love increases according to the degrees of beauty, perfection and bestowal. It reaches extreme limits in the degrees of ‘ashq.
Also, in the tiny man's tiny heart an ‘ashq may indwell as great as the universe. Yes, writings as much as thousands of books equivalent to a library being written within the faculty of memory, which is a lentil size coffer of the heart, shows that man’s heart can contain the universe and bear love that much.
Since in man’s fitrah, there is such an infinite capacity of love for bestowal, beauty and perfection. And since Al-Khâliq of the universe possesses infinite sacred beauty (Jamâl), the real existence of which is self-evidently established by His works manifest in the universe; and since He possesses infinite sacred perfection (Kamâl), the existence of which is necessarily proved by the embroideries of His art manifest on beings; and since He possesses infinite favours, the existence of which is certainly, rather, visibly established by the infinite varieties of favours and His acts of the bestowal of ni’mahs manifest on living beings. Surely, these require an infinite love from man, who are the most comprehensive, the neediest, the one who performs tafakkur most and the most yearning of conscious beings.
Yes, like each man is capable of infinite love for Al-Khâliq Zuljalâl, that Khâliq too deserves to be loved in return for His beauty (Jamâl), perfection (Kamâl) and bestowal more than anyone. Even, all the varieties of love and intense attachments of a mu’min man for his life, his eternity, his existence, his world, his nafs and other beings are droplets of such capacity of love for Allah. Even, man’s various intense feelings are transformations of such capacity of love; they are drops of it altered into other forms. It is well-known that like man takes pleasure in his own happiness, he takes pleasure in the happiness of others to whom he is attached to as well. And just as he loves the one who saves him from calamities, he loves the one who saves those he loves, as well. Thus, as a consequence of this state of rûh, if man thinks of only this out of all the varieties of bestowals of Allah concerning each man, he will say:
"Like my Khâliq saved me from non-existence, which is eternal darkness, and gave me a beautiful world within this world when the appointed time for the end of my life comes, and like He will again save me from non-existence and annihilation, which is eternal extinction, and will bestow me a most magnificent eternal ‘âlam within a permanent ‘âlam, and He will bestow me external and inner senses and feelings with which will benefit from all the varieties of pleasures and beauties of that ‘âlam and will wander and make excursions, so He also bestows infinite bounties on all my relatives and friends and fellow men, whom I greatly love and to whom I am attached. And those bestowals belong to me in an aspect because I am happy and take pleasure at their happiness. Since through the mystery of اْلاِنْسَانُ عَبِيدُ اْلاِحْسَانِ4 worshipping bestowal is present in everyone. In the face of such eternal infinite favours, surely, if I have a heart as great as the universe, it necessitates it being filled with love for those favours, and I want to fill it. If I cannot love in practice, I do so through capacity, by îmân, by intention, by acceptance, through appreciation, through longing, through iltizâm and by will." And so on...
As for the love which man will show for beauty and perfection, it may be compared with the love for bestowal which we have briefly indicated here. As for the kâfir, he has an infinite enmity due to his kufr. He even bears a wrongful and insulting enmity towards the universe and beings.
Second Point :
Love for Allah necessitates following the Sunnah of Muhammad Alayhissalâtu Wassalâm. Because to love Allah is to do what pleases Him. As for the things that please Him, they manifest in the most perfect form in the person of Muhammad (asm). Resembling the person of Ahmad (asm) in behaviours and actions is through two aspects:
The First: In terms of loving Janâb-i Haqq, obeying His commands and acting within the bounds of the things that please Him, it necessitates following Muhammad (asm). Because the most perfect Imam in this matter is the person of Muhammad (asm).
The Second: Since the person of Ahmad (asm) is a most important means to infinite favours that Allah bestows on man, he is surely worthy of infinite love on account of Janâb-i Haqq. If it is possible to resemble someone he loves, man, by fitrah, wants to resemble him. Thus, it is definitely necessary for those who love Habibullah to work to resemble him by following his Sunnah as-Saniyyah.
Third Point: Just as Janâb-i Haqq has infinite mercy, so does He has endless love. Just as He makes Himself loved infinitely through all the beauties and adornment of beings full of art in the whole universe, so too, He loves His works of art, in particular, conscious beings who response to His making Himself to be loved with love. It is evidently understood how important and exalted an aim it is to work to attract the look of love of the One, a single manifestation of Whose rahmah is all the subtleties and beauties and pleasures and ni’mahs of Jannah. Since by His definite words, His love is attained only through following the Sunnah of Ahmad (asm). Certainly, it is a definite fact that following the Sunnah of Ahmad (asm) is the greatest aim of man and the most important duty of mankind.
The Eleventh Flash
اَللّٰهُمَّ بِحَقِّ اَسْرَارِ بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ صَلِّ وَ سَلِّمْ عَلَى مَنْ اَرْسَلْتَهُ رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ كَمَا يَلِيقُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ بِحُرْمَتِهِ وَ عَلَى آلِهِ وَ اَصْحَابِهِ اَجْمَعِينَ
وَ ارْحَمْنَا رَحْمَةً تُغْنِينَا بِهَا عَنْ رَحْمَةِ مَنْ سِوَاكَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ آمِينَ
سُبْحَانَكَ لَاعِلْمَ لَنَۤا اِلاَّ مَا عَلَّمْتَنَۤا اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ