The ma’nawî collective personality of a Mujaddid. His works, current and true followers, who are loyal to his way minutely and carry out his duty as he does. The ma’nawî collective personality and community, which the Mujaddid represents.
The fundamental qualities of the renewal (Tajdîd) movement of the current of Mujaddidism:
1) The current appears in the time of fitnah.
2) The renewal (Tajdîd) movement appears both in the field of ideas and deeds.
3) It reveals the reality and essence of the currents of nifâq.
4) It possesses the tools to eliminate the bâtil ideas and remedies for the doubts that the currents of nifâq mixed up in Islam and used for its corruption
7) The followers of the current Mujaddidism abstain from bid’ahs through their actions, just as they abstain from bid’ahs through their ideas.
8) It restores Sunnah as-Saniyyah by living it and accepts taqwâ as its fundamental principle.
A subtle point of the âyâh فَقَدْ جَۤاءَ اَشْرَاطُهَا1 has been written in order to preserve the aqîdah of the ‘awâm mu’mins and protect them from doubts.
Like the mutashabihât of the Qur'an, some hadiths about the events that will occur at the âkhirzaman have profound meanings. They are not to be made tafsir like muhkamât âyâhs and not everyone knows their meanings. Their ta'wîl2 is made instead of tafsir. Through the mystery of وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَاْوِيلَهُ اِلاَّ اللّٰهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِى الْعِلْمِ3 , their ta'wil is understood and what is intended by them is known only after they have occurred. And those who are well-grounded in ‘ilm disclose those hidden haqiqahs by saying, آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّنَا4 .
The Fifth Ray-Introduction
It is also due to this mystery that they expected the individuals who will come in the âkhirzaman like the Mahdî and Sufyan long beforehand, and even in the time of the tâbi’în, and hoped to live long enough to see them. Some of the people of walâyah, even, said that they had passed. Like the qiyâmah, Ilahî hikmah requires that the times of these individuals are not specified either. Because every time and every age is in need of the Mahdî's meaning, for strengthening ma’mawî power and saving the people from despair. Every age has to have a share of this meaning. In order that people should not follow evil ones in ghaflah and the reins of the nafs should not be left free in negligence, every age must beware and fear the fearsome individuals who come to lead nifâq. If they had been specified, the benefits of general guidance would have been lost.
Now the difference in the riwâyât about individuals like the Mahdî and their mystery is this: those who expounded Hadiths applied the text of the Hadiths to their own tafsir and inferring. For example, since the centre of sovereignty at that time was Damascus or Medina, they imagined the events connected with the Mahdî and Sufyan in places like Basra, Kufa and Syria, which were in the region of those centres, and expounded them accordingly. Moreover, they had conceived the mighty works belonging to that individual’s ma’nawî collective personality or community which those individuals represent to be in their persons and expounded them in that way so that they ascribed a form to them whereby when those extraordinary individuals appear, everyone will recognize them. However, as we said, this world is the arena of trial. The door is opened to the mind, but the will is not taken from the hand. So, when those individuals and even the terrible Dajjâl appear many people and himself even will not know to start with that, he is the Dajjâl. Those individuals of the âkhirzaman will be known through the attentiveness of the nûr of îmân.
The Twenty-Fourth Word/Third Branch/Eighth Principle
Since îmân and man's accountability are a test, a trial and a competition within the sphere of the will, secondary (nadharî) matters of religion that are veiled, profound and in need of minute examining and experiment surely cannot be evident. And they cannot be among dharûriyyah to the extent that everyone will affirm them necessarily so that the Abu Bakrs can rise to the a’lâ ‘illiyyin and the Abu Jahls descend to the asfal sâfilîn. If the will does not remain, there cannot be accountability. And for this mystery and hikmah, the miracles are given infrequently and rarely. Also, the signs of the qiyâmah that will be seen by eyes in the realm of accountability are veiled and only open to ta’wîl, like some mutashabihât of the Qur'an. Only because the rising of the sun from the west compels everyone to affirm to the degree of being evident, the door of tawbah will be closed; tawbah and îmân will no longer be accepted. Because the Abu Bakrs will be equal in affirmation with the Abu Jahls. Even Hazrat ‘Îsâ ‘Alayhissalâm being sent down and his being ‘Îsâ ‘Alayhissalâm are known through the attentiveness of the nûr of îmân; everyone cannot know. Even fearsome figures such as Dajjal and Sufyan do not know themselves to be such.
The Fifth Ray-Introduction-1st Point
1 (Its signs have already come.)
2 (Ta’wîl: A group of mufassir said that the word ta’wîl is derived from the verb اول (awl), which means to return, to revert, thereby returning to the original meaning of a word. Explaining an âyah or hadith by real analogy.
Another group said that it is derived from the word ايالت , which means governing, administration, or rule, thereby subjugating one’s mind and thought to study the mysteries of âyah or hadith so as to reveal the intended meaning.
Explanation of the possible meaning of an allegoric or figurative expression by saying, “This can be the possible meaning; It is possible that this meaning is meant…”) (Tr.)
4 (...“We believe in it; it is all from our Rabb”)