HIKMAH - حكمة
Literally: Knowledge. Philosophy. The principles of personal and social life. An ultimate, occult cause or motive for existence or occurrence. A point of knowledge as to an ultimate cause, a point of wisdom.
The knowledge about the essence, nature and fundamentals of everything. The knowledge about the universe and all things. The knowledge about reasons and the purpose of the existence of the universe and creatures. The mysteries and the Ilahî purpose of the universe and creatures on which their creation and existence rely. The universal principles of events relied upon.
When a person makes something, he makes it for a certain purpose and aim. These purposes and aims can be known in two ways. One of them is to know these purposes and aims through being informed by the maker himself. The other way is to know by personal understanding and material experiences without being mindful of its maker’s informing. There are no doubts in the first way. But in the second way, to stay away from doubts is impossible. The first way is the Qur’anic way of hikmah and the second one is the way of philosophy.
(2:32,120) (3:61) (10:93) (13:37) (19:43) (22:54) (28:80) (29:49) (30:56) (34:6) (42:14) (45:17) (46:23) (58:11) (67:26)
We can understand and take instruction from the universal meanings of these and similar âyahs of Qur’an; Allah is the only owner of the true, pre-eternal and post-eternal ‘ilm, haqq and hikmah. Allah gives and sends from them to humans just as much as He wishes, and man’s duty is to learn this given true ‘ilm and act upon it with his particular will.
For man hikmah is; the wasat degree of quwwa al-aqliyyah in as-sirât al-mustaqîm. Knowledge and the capability of distinguishing what is haqq and what is bâtil and obeying.
وَمَنْ يُؤْتَ الْحِكْمَةَ فَقَدْ اُو۫تِىَ خَيْرًا كَث۪يرًۜا
(He who has been given hikmah, has been given great khayr.) (2:269)
(Please refer to The Twelfth Word)